Lesson 1. Concept of criminal law.
1. Preliminary issues. Concept of criminal law.
2. Nature of criminal law.
3. Concept and functions of criminal science.
Lesson 2. Foundation and functions of criminal law within a social and democratic state under the rule of law.
1. Basis for the state exercising "ius puniendi."
2. Functions of criminal law within a social and democratic state under the rule of law.
2.1. Crime and punishment within a social and democratic state under the rule of law. End of criminal law and functions of punishment.
2.2. Function of criminal law: protection of legal assets or maintenance of the validity of regulations?
Lesson 3. Sources, guarantees, and limits of criminal law within a social and democratic state under the rule of law (I).
1. Sources of criminal law.
2. Limits, principles, and criminal guarantees within a social and democratic state under the rule of law.
3. Principle of legality.
Lesson 4. Sources, guarantees, and limits of criminal law within a social and democratic state under the rule of law (II).
1. Principle of minimum intervention and the fragmentary and subsidiary nature of criminal law.
2. Proportionality principle.
3. Principle of the fact.
4. Principle of guilt.
5. Other principles of criminal law within a social and democratic state under the rule of law.
("ne bis in ídem" prohibition, principle of resocialization and humanity in sentences).
Lesson 5. The legal theory of crime.
1. Preliminary considerations.
2. Definition of crime.
3. Types of crimes.
4. Criminal regulation. Structure and functions.
Lesson 6. Double trial of unlawfulness and guilt. Shortcomings of crime and contents of trials of unlawfulness and guilt.
1. Crime and double trial of unlawfulness and guilt.
1.1. Shortcomings of action and shortcomings of result in the trial of unlawfulness.
1.2. Content and elements of the trial of guilt.
2. Bipartite, tripartite, or quadripartite structure of the offense.
2.1. Relationship between criminality and unlawfulness.
2.2. Relationship between guilt and unlawfulness.
2.3. Punishment: objective conditions of punishment and exculpatory causes.
LESSON 7. Objective part of type of criminal offense (I). Legal right, subjects, and material object of the crime.
1. Legal protected right and the content of unjust.
1.1. Introduction. Objective part of the type and legal protected right.
1.2. Concept of legal good.
1.3. The content of unfair. Offenses of injury and crimes of danger.
2. Active subject of the crime.
2.1. Unjust and active subject of the crime.
2.2. Types of crimes attending to the active subject.
3. The passive subject of the crime.
4. The material object of the crime.
5. Time and place.
LESSON 8. Objective part of type of criminal offense (II). Criminal behavior. Omission.
1. The action. Role of the action within the type.
2. Theories of action and typical action. Causal, final, and social theories of the action.
Taking a position: criminal action and pretension of definition of the system.
3. Criminal behavior. Active or omissive behavior as criminal behavior.
3.1. Crime of action.
3.2. Crime of omission.
3.2.1. Types of omission. Pure omission and commission by omission.
3.2.2. Legal system of commission by omission.
LESSON 9. Objective part of type of criminal offense (III). Criminal imputation: causality and objective imputation.
1. Evolution of the dogmatics of action and causality.
2. Theories of causality.
2.1. Theory of equivalence of conditions.
2.2. Individualizing theories of causality.
2.3. First theories of imputation. Theory of adequacy and relevance theory.
3. Theory of objective imputation.
LESSON 10. Subjective part of the type of criminal offense. Intentional and negligent types.
1. Unlawfulness and subjective part of the type.
2. The subjective elements specific to the type.
3. The malicious type.
3.1. Concept and contents of intent.
3.2. Types of intent.
4. Negligent types.
4.1. Types of negligence.
4.2. Legal regulation of negligence.
LESSON 11. Absence of unfair type of criminal offense (I). Absence of the objective type.
1. Absence of objective factual elements of the type. Absence of action. Fortuitous case, reflex movements, states of unconsciousness, and irresistible force.
2. Absence of the value elements of the type. Consent.
2.2. Disputed nature of consent.
LESSON 12. Absence of unfair type of criminal offense (II). Absence of subjective type.
1. Absence of subjective type. Errors.
2. Types of errors.
3. Essential legal system of errors.
LESSON 13. Absence of unlawfulness (I).
1. Basis and nature of the causes of justification.
2. Fulfillment of a legitimate duty or exercise of a right, profession, or position.
2.1. Legitimate exercise of a right.
2.2. Fulfillment of a duty.
2.3. Legitimate exercise of a profession or position.
LESSON 14. Absence of unlawfulness (II).
1. Self defense.
1.1. Concept and foundation.
1.2. Defendable legal assets.
1.3. Legal requirements.
2. State of justifying need.
2.2. Foundation and nature.
2.3. Legal requirements.
LESSON 15. Guilt (I). Foundation and elements. Imputability.
1. Material grounds for the requirement of guilt.
2. Elements of guilt.
3. Imputability and its absence: Unimputability
3.3. The moment of imputability. The problem of "actio liberae in cause."
3.4. Unimputability. Concept and causes.
LESSON 16. Guilt (II). Knowledge of unlawfulness.
1. The knowledge of the illegality as an element of culpability
1.1. Knowledge of unlawfulness.
1.2. The error of prohibition, the reverse of the knowledge of unlawfulness.
2. Enforceability and unenforceability.
2.1. Concept of enforceability.
2.2. Legal nature.
2.4. Causes of unenforceability.
2.4.1. State of excusing need.
2.4.2. Insurmountable fear.
LESSON 17. Iter criminis
1. Concept and types of iter criminis.
2. Basis of punishment for the phases before the perpetration.
3. Preparatory acts.
3.1. The differentiation between preparation and execution.
3.2. Punishable preparatory acts.
4.1. Concept and types.
5. The problem of withdrawal and repentance.
6. Perpetration. Difference with the completion of crime.
LESSON 18. Perpetrator and participation.
1. Perpetrator: General problems.
2.1 Forms of participation.
2.1.2. Necessary cooperation and complicity.
LESSON 19. Concurrence of offences.
1. Concurrence of crimes.
1.1. Real concurrence.
1.2. Ideal concurrence.