Course instructors are responsible for the course content descriptions in English.
Fundamentals of promoting personal autonomy and assessment of dependence in daily living activities with and without adaptations and/or assistive devices. Analysis of occupation in occupational therapy and its therapeutic use. Occupational therapy for the integration of the adult in traumatology, rheumatology, cardiology, pulmonology, surgery, endocrinology, and oncology. Application of occupational activity.
The subject `Occupational Therapy in Adults: Musculoskeletal disorders and other illnesses¿ is a third year subject designed for students in the Bachelor¿s Degree in Occupational Therapy.
Core Subject: 7.5 ECTS. Second Quarter.
Students will achieve the necessary background so that they will be able to intervene in the treatment and rehabilitation of individuals who are experiencing Musculoskeletal Disorders or other diseases. The course includes an Anatomical Review of the various diseases and a discussion of the role of Occupational Therapy in Interventions, Therapeutic Use of Occupation, the Assessment of Dependence in daily activities and the Promotion of Personal Autonomy.
Competencies and learning outcomes
- Know current legislation that affects practicing the profession.
- Recognize the differences between normal human body function and its alterations, and determine the impact from population, demographic, environmental, social, and cultural health determinants, and their effects.
- Hypothesize, assess information, and promote viable solutions to cases and professional situations.
- Apply the professional codes of ethics and conduct considering user rights and current legislation.
- Ability to analyze, evaluate, and assess individual and group situations, identify problems, interpret data, and formulate solutions to individual and/or group problems.
- Assess information critically and apply the scientific method to improve the profession.
- Establish good interprofessional communication to address the community where you work and the individuals you deal with efficiently and with empathy.
- Be capable of working on multidisciplinary and multicultural teams and leading multidisciplinary teams.
- Ability to update, consolidate, and integrate new knowledge to improve the profession using continuous self-learning techniques and critical analysis.
- Capability to use and promote innovation and creativity to resolve professional problems.
- Recognize the essential elements of the occupational therapy profession, including the ethical principles, legal responsibilities, and professional practice focused on individuals and populations, respectful of their autonomy and with professional secrecy.
- Recognize your limitations and the need to maintain and update professional skills, with particular emphasis on autonomous learning of new skills, techniques, and the motivation for quality.
- Understand, critically assess, and know how to use information sources to obtain, organize, interpret, and communicate scientific, health, socio-health, and social information, all the while maintaining data confidentiality.
- Understand the conceptual fundamentals about the occupational nature of human beings and the performance of their activities throughout the life cycle.
- Comprehend and recognize the relationship between the concepts of wellness, health, meaningful occupation, dignity, and participation.
- Understand and recognize the importance of contextual factors as determinants of occupational dysfunction.
- Recognize health determinants in a population, multiprofessional resources and teams, prevention activities, and health maintenance and promotion, on both individual as well as community levels.
- Evaluate and adapt the surroundings to promote participation in meaningful occupations in various facets of daily life, personal autonomy, and quality of life.
- Obtain and develop, with relevant information, the history of occupational performance throughout the entire process.
- Conduct occupational functioning assessments that are appropriate to the needs of individuals and populations.
- Determine dysfunctions and occupational needs, define planning and establish occupational therapy intervention using the therapeutic potential of meaningful occupations through use of the activity, with the consent and participation of individuals and populations.
- Conduct the occupational assessment, determine the planning, and establish occupational therapy intervention using the therapeutic potential of meaningful occupations through use of the activity, with the consent and participation of individuals and populations.
- Know, select, and apply the appropriate theories, theoretical reference frameworks, and occupational therapy practice models and methods in order to choose or reestablish meaningful occupations according to the health needs of individuals and populations.
- Collaborate with groups and communities to promote the health and wellbeing of their members through participation in meaningful occupations.
- Understand the basics of action, indications, and effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions based on the scientific evidence available.
- Recognize the influence of individual, religious, and cultural differences, as well as those of customs, on occupation and participation.
- Acquire and develop practical abilities, skills, and experience in the socio-health and community contexts.
- Prepare and draft histories and other occupational therapy records comprehensibly for both specialists and non-specialists.
- Transmit information orally and in writing for specialists and non-specialists alike.
- Know and understand the historical antecedents, theoretical fundamentals, and methodological principles, philosophical aspects, theoretical frameworks, models, techniques, evaluations, and assessments of occupational therapy required to recognize and interpret the processes of occupational function-dysfunction.
- Understand the different theories about function, personal autonomy, functional adaptation to and from the environment, and occupational therapy intervention models, transferring them to everyday professional practice.
- Promote health and prevent disability, gain or regain the occupational performance required at each stage of the life cycle to achieve independence and autonomy in the areas of occupational performance of people suffering situations of risk, organic deficit, activity limitation and participation and/or social exclusion.
- Perform the appropriate treatment, respecting the different phases and basic principles, through therapeutic occupations and based on knowledge related like occupational science, in different areas of occupational performance, analyzing the components of performance and different existing environments and contexts.
- Learn, design, and implement the various modalities and general interventional procedures in occupational therapy in its frames of reference, evaluating their effectiveness in a cooperative work environment.
- Encourage user and family participation in the recovery process.
- Know, understand, and apply the fundamentals about personal autonomy in activities of daily living with or without adaptations and/or assistive technologies in the life cycle.
- Analyze the occupation in occupational therapy and its therapeutic use in the life cycle.
- Select, modify, and apply appropriate theories, practical intervention models and methods to meet the occupational and health needs of individuals and populations.
- Use the therapeutic potential of the occupation through analysis and synthesis of the occupation and activity.
- Understand, evaluate, analyze, develop, and participate in health education and promotion within the scope of occupational therapy to prevent occupational dysfunction in general and subsequent to medical, surgical, and psychiatric disorders and social maladjustment.
- Turner, Ann / Foster, Margaret / Johnson, Sybil E. / Gómez Rodríguez, María Belén rev. / Richards, Sheelagh E. prol. "Terapia ocupacional y disfunción física principios, técnicas y práctica". Madrid [etc.] Elsevier Science cop. 2003.
- Polonio López, Begoña. "Terapia ocupacional en discapacitados físicos Teoría y práctica". Madrid Editorial Médica Panamericana D.L. 2003.
- Gómez Tolón, J. "Fundamentos metodológicos de la terapia ocupacional". [Zaragoza] Mira 1997.
- Chapinal Jiménez, Alicia. "Rehabilitación de las manos con artritis y artrosis en terapia ocupacional". Barcelona [etc.] Masson cop. 2002.
- Durante Molina, Pilar / Pedro Tarrés, Pilar. "Terapia ocupacional en geriatría principios y práctica". Barcelona [etc.] Masson 2004.
- Kielhofner, Gary 1949-. "Terapia ocupacional modelo de ocupación humana teoría y aplicación". Buenos Aires Editorial Médica Panamericana 2004.
- García-Margallo Ortiz de Zárate, Pilar. "El análisis y la adaptación de la actividad en terapia ocupacional". Madrid Aytona D.L. 2005.
- Paganizzi, Liliana. "Terapia ocupacional psicosocial escenarios clínicos y comunitarios". Buenos Aires Polemos 2007.
- Daza, Carolina. Morales, Liliana, aut. "Ergonomía y terapia ocupacional [recurso electronico] : claves para su desempeäno ocupacional /". [Bogotá] : Institución Universitaria Fundación Escuela Colombiana de Rehabilitación, 2005.
- Jiménez-Castellanos Ballesteros, Juan. Catalina Herrera, Carlos Javier / Carmona Bono, Amparo. "Lecciones de anatomía funcional y aplicada del aparato locomotor". Sevilla Universidad de Sevilla, Secretariado de publicaciones 2008.
- Platzer, Werner / Spitzer, Gerhard. "Atlas de anatomía en tres tomos Tomo 1 Aparato locomotor". Barcelona Omega cop. 2000.
- Sobotta, Johannes 1869-1945 / Pabst, R. ed. lit / Putz, R. ed. lit. "Atlas de anatomía humana". Madrid Médica Panamericana 2006.
- Garrison, Susan J. "Manual de medicina física y rehabilitación". Madrid [etc.] McGraw-Hill Interamericana cop. 2005.
- Calais-Germain, Blandine. Lamotte, Andrée / Vives, Náuria , rev. "Anatomia para el movimiento". Barcelona Los Libros de la Liebre de Marzo 1991-1994.
- Sánchez Cabeza, Ángel. "Terapia ocupacional en disfunciones físicas". Madrid Síntesis D. L. 2015.
- Sánchez Cabeza, Ángel. "Terapia ocupacional para la rehabilitación del control motor: Tratamientos basados en actividades para pacientes con daño cerebral adquirido/". Alemania Editorial Académica Española 2012.
- Durante Molina, Pilar / Pedro Tarrés, Pilar / Polonio López, Begoña. "Terapia ocupacional en geriatría 15 casos prácticos". Madrid Médica-Panamericana 2002.
- Gómez Tolón, J. "Habilidades y destrezas en terapia ocupacional". Zaragoza Mira 2000.
- Gómez Tolón, J. "Fundamentos metodológicos de la terapia ocupacional". [Zaragoza] Mira 1997.
- Domínguez Clemente, Ángela. Masa Moreno, Soraya. "Terapia ocupacional en la institución (programas de rehabilitación)". [s.l. s.n.] D.L. 2003 Badajoz Imprenta Diputación Provincial de Badajoz.
- Máximo Bocanegra, Nuria. Pérez de Heredia Torres, Marta / Gutiérrez Morote, María. "Atención en el hogar de personas mayores manual de terapia ocupacional". Salamanca Témpora 2004.
- Losada Gómez, Adriana. "Características de los juegos y juguetes utilizados por terapia ocupacional en niänos con discapacidad [recurso electronico] /". [Bogotá] : Universidad Manuela Beltrán, 2006.
- Díaz Petit, J. / Camp Puerto, María Rosa. "Rehabilitación en la artritis reumatoide". Barcelona [etc.] Masson cop. 2002.
- Alegre Alonso, Carmelo. "Fisioterapia en reumatología". Alacalá de Henares [s.n.] D.L. 2000: (Imp. Asetip).
- Mora Amérigo, Enrique R. "Rehabilitación y enfoque fisioterápico en afecciones reumáticas". Madrid Aula Médica cop. 2001.
- Serra Gabriel, María R. "El paciente amputado labor de equipo". Barcelona [etc.] Springer D.L. 2001.
- Ferrandez, Jean-Claude. Theys, Serge / Bouchet, Jean-Yves. "Reeducación de los edemas de los miembros inferiores". Barcelona [etc.] Masson cop. 2002.
- Pilat, Andrzej. "Terapias miofasciales inducción miofascial". Madrid [etc.] McGraw-Hill Interamericana de España D.L. 2003.
Methodology and grading
- Case studies: Learning through the analysis of actual or simulated cases in order to interpret and resolve them by employing various alternative solution procedures.
- Cooperative learning: Develop active learning through cooperative working strategies among students and promote shared responsibility to reach group goals.
- Lecture: Pass on knowledge and activate cognitive processes in students, encouraging their participation.
- Problem-based learning: Develop active learning strategies through problem solving that promote thinking, experimentation, and decision making in the student.
- Project-based learning: Realization of a project to solve a problem, applying acquired learning and promoting abilities related to planning, design, performing activities, and reaching conclusions.
- Rating system:
The theoretical module corresponds to 70% of the final grade. - The theoretical evaluation of the subject is made by examination. The test will consist of 6 short essay questions( 6 points),
1 analysis and description of a motor gesture(1.5 points) and two practical cases to choose one(2.5 points).
Practical module: the report of the practices corresponds to 30% of the final grade. - Attendance at practices is mandatory. Minimum attendance of 80% to pass the practical part and therefore the subject. Assessment practices will be made by a written paper on a case study and will be held in small groups (4 people).
Note: The course is approved with condition 5 is required to have passed the theoretical practice with 5 for the calculation of the final grade for the course and part.
The note of the practical part is saved for September.