Course instructors are responsible for the course content descriptions in English.
Physical effects. Chemical effects. Compost on the ground: effects on the edaphic biota. Effects on plant development and production. Use of compost in biological pest control. Fertilizing value. Dosage criteria. Organic/mineral fertilizers. Field application: equipment and crops. Organic agriculture: Fundamentals and trends. Compost within the organic agriculture framework. Specific methodologies. Practical results of composting in organic agriculture. Desirable characteristics of compost used as substrate. Use of compost as substrates or components of them in ornamental plants. Compost as substrate in for vegetable seedlings. Compost as substrate for woody seedlings.
This course also affords students the following specific competencies:
- Assessing the effects of applying waste and compost on soil properties.
- Understanding the use of and knowing how to calculate the application dosage of organic waste and compost in both traditional and organic agriculture.
- Understanding other options for the use of organic waste and compost, such as seedbeds, nurseries, and the recovery or rehabilitation of degraded and/or contaminated soils.
Los conocimientos desarrollados en esta asignatura permitiran al futuro estudiantado del MAster en Gestión, Tratamiento y Valorización de Residuos Orgánicos conocer las caracteristicas deseables en los compost para poder ser utilizados como componente de los sustratos para semilleros y desarrollo de plantas y valorar los diferentes aprovechamientos de los residuos orgánicos estabilizados y tratados mediante compostaje en el sector de viveros y semilleros.
Competencies and learning outcomes
- Identify and resolve problems related to organic waste management.
- Ability to adapt to scientific advances, continuous improvement, innovation, and creativity in the field of organic waste management.
- Capacity for analysis and synthesis of information.
- Critical and analytical capacity in the environmental field.
- Capacity for making decisions.
- Ability to communicate orally and in writing about the knowledge acquired.
- Ability to work on multidisciplinary and multicultural teams.
- Ethical and environmental commitment to develop sustainable scientific solutions within the human and natural environments.
- Understand the use of and know how to calculate the application dose of organic waste and compost in both traditional and organic agriculture.
- Assess the effects of applying waste and compost on soil properties.
- Understand other options for the use of organic waste and compost, such as seedbeds, nurseries, and recovery or rehabilitation of degraded and/or contaminated soils.
Objectives (Learning outcomes)
- Meet the desirable characteristics in the compost for use as component substrates or substrates for soilless
- Assessing the use of compost as a substrate or component substrate for the production of ornamental plants in pots
- Assessing the use of compost as a substrate in nursery seedlings hoirtícolas
- Assessing the use of compost as a substrate for rearing nurseries woody plants
- Understanding the meaning of the physical characteristics of materials used as substrates, able to assess their effects, to know the units that are expressed and know the method of determination
- Understand the meaning of the physicochemical characteristics of materials used as substrates, able to assess their effects, to know the units in which they express themselves and learn the method of determining
- Understand the significance of the biological characteristics of the materials used as substrates, able to assess their effects, to know the units that are expressed and know the method of determination
- Understand the concept of suppressive and suppressive mechanisms known substrates and suppressive properties of horticultural substrates
- Ansorena Miner, Javier. "El compost de biorresiduos normativa, calidad y aplicaciones". Madrid Mundi-Prensa D.L. 2016.
- Ansorena Miner, Javier. "Sustratos propiedades y caracterización". Madrid [etc.] Mundi-Prensa 1994.
- Masaguer Rodríguez, Alberto coord. / Moral Herrero, Raúl ed. científico. "De residuo a recurso el camino hacia la sostenibilidad III 2 Recursos orgánicos. Aspectos agronómicos y medioambientales : Uso del compost como componente de sustratos para cultivo en contenedor". Madrid Mundi-Prensa D.L. 2015.
- Moreno Casco, Joaquín / Moral Herrero, Raúl. "Compostaje". Madrid Mundi-Prensa 2008.
- Raviv, Michael. Lieth, Johann Heinrich 1955-. "Soiless culture theory and practice". Amsterdam ; London Elsevier 2008.
- "Manual producción de sustratos para viveros [recurso electronico] /". San Salvador : OIRSA, .
Methodology and grading
- Case studies: Learning through the analysis of actual or simulated cases in order to interpret and resolve them by employing various alternative solution procedures.
- Cooperative learning: Develop active learning through cooperative working strategies among students and promote shared responsibility to reach group goals.
- Learning agreement: Develop active learning through an agreement between the teacher and the student containing commitments for what will be learned, how monitoring will take place for that learning, the set period of time, and the evaluation criteria.
- Lecture: Pass on knowledge and activate cognitive processes in students, encouraging their participation.
- Problem-based learning: Develop active learning strategies through problem solving that promote thinking, experimentation, and decision making in the student.
- Solving exercises and problems: Exercise, test, and apply previous knowledge through routine repetition.
- Criteria and methods of evaluation shall be carried out in accordance with two general forms of assessment, to which the student can choose:
Option A. Evaluation with single test: You will pass an examination at the end of the activities of the course, located into the the official schedule of exams. This exam will consist on a mixed composition of short questions, test questions, and practical problems linked to the contents of the course. The minimum required to pass this course is 5 to 10 in this exam.
Option B. Continous evaluation method:
- test of knowledge of theory (40% of the total calification). It will be one or more on-line examination into the e-learning platform used in the master, fixed in specific date/s and time, comprising test questions about the theoretical and practical contents. Minimum necessary for averaging with the portfolio note is 4 to 10.
- Course portfolio (60% of the total calification). This virtual portfolio will include all the activities developed by the student through the course (case studies, short questions, problems and self-evaluation test). Minimum necessary for averaging with the note of the examination of knowledge of theory is 4 to 10.