Waste concept, problems, classification and management. Physical, chemical and biological properties of wastes. Pretreatment and physical, chemical and biological treatment of industrial wastewater. Heat treatment and energy recovery from waste through incineration, pyrolysis, gasification. Kilns. Energy recovery, boilers, turbines and electrical generators. Waste from heat treatments. Design and building of landfills. Landfill leachate production, collection and treatment. Landfill gas production, control, extraction and energy recovery. Closure and sealing of landfills. Municipal waste: sewage sludge, MSW and packaging. Origin, constituents, production and uses of sewage sludge. Generation, properties, management, classification and treatment plants of MSW. Identification of packaging. Yellow, blue and green containers. Other waste.