Pre-professional practice in the form of clinical rotations in surgical areas of university and associated hospitals. Training in pediatric services. Active participation in supervised health care activities, medical visits, observation, indication of diagnostic tests, discussion of clinical cases, differential diagnosis, therapeutic indications. Patient follow-up in outpatient consultation. Physician-patient relationship.
|JUSTE RUIZ, MERCEDES||■||■|
|ALEIXANDRE BLANQUER, FERNANDO ANTONIO||■|
|TAPIA COLLADOS, CARIDAD||■|
|GONZALEZ DE DIOS, FRANCISCO JAVIER||■|
|SANCHEZ FERRER, FRANCISCO JOSE||■|
|CLEMENTE YAGO, FERNANDO||■|
|NSO ROCA, ANA DEL PILAR||■|
|PASTOR ROSADO, JOSE||■|
|QUILES DURA, JOSE LUIS||■|
|CORTES CASTELL, ERNESTO||■|
|CARRATALA MARCO, FRANCISCO VICENTE||■|
|GAVILAN MARTIN, CESAR||■|
|GARCIA AVILES, MARIA BELEN||■|
Pediatric clinical practice includes the care of patients from the moment of birth to 15 years of age, representing a high percentage of general clinical practice. This period of life has marked peculiarities and great differences with the assistance to adulthood, and this makes their knowledge is essential for the comprehensive training of the doctor.
Within the pediatric care itself, there are large differences between the different periods, both in the physiological aspects and in the form of illness and the treatment of diseases. It is therefore essential for the doctor to know the normality in the different periods as well as their variations and most frequent deviations.
At this time there are three important aspects that must be considered a) normal development and its deviations and b) that both the collection of clinical aspects and the subsequent information must be done through third parties and c) the preventive aspects, immunizations, etc. acquire great relevance. For all the above, the clinical practice in the different ages and moments of childhood age differs greatly from that of adults, both in their diagnosis and in their treatments.
Competencies and learning outcomes
- Understand and recognize the effects, mechanisms, and manifestations of disease on the structure and functions of the human body.
- Understand and recognize causative agents and risk factors that determine health status and disease development.
- Comprehend and recognize the effects of growth, development, and aging on the individual and his/her social environment.
- Understand the basics of action, indications, and efficacy of therapeutic interventions based on available scientific evidence.
- Acquire and prepare a medical history that contains all the relevant information.
- Perform a physical examination and mental health assessment.
- Be capable of formulating an initial diagnosis and establishing a rational diagnostic strategy.
- Recognize and treat immediate life-threatening situations and others requiring immediate attention.
- Establish the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment, applying principles based on the best information available and under conditions of clinical safety.
- Indicate the most appropriate therapy for the most prevalent acute and chronic processes, as well as for patients in terminal stages.
- Raise and propose appropriate preventive measures for each clinical situation.
- Acquire appropriate clinical experience in hospitals, clinics, and other healthcare institutions, under supervision, as well as basic knowledge of patient-centered health management and the appropriate use of tests, medications, and other health system resources.
- Listen attentively, obtaining and synthesizing information relevant to the problems affecting the patient, understanding the content of this information.
- Write case histories and other medical records that are comprehensible to third parties.
- Knowledge and use of the principles of medicine based on the (best) evidence.
- Knowledge of morphofunctional characteristics in newborns, children, and adolescents.
- Cognitive, emotional, and psychosocial development in childhood and adolescence.
- Learn how to perform a complete patient-centered anamnesis oriented towards various pathologies, and interpret the findings.
- Learn to assess changes in clinical parameters for different ages.
- Assess the risk/benefit ratio of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.
- Know how to interpret results from laboratory diagnostic tests.
- Learn how to interpret radiological images using a systematic approach.
Objectives (Learning outcomes)
- 01General objective: Achieve complement and improve the theoretical-practical training previously acquired by the student in the field of Pediatrics and advance in the interpretation of diagnostic techniques and basic therapeutic procedures.
- 02Make a complete anamnesia, focused on the child and orienting to the diverse pathologies, interpreting their meaning.
- 03Perform a basic physical examination in the different stages of the child (newborn, infant, scholar and adolescent).
- 04Do a physical examination by apparatus and systems.
- 05Assess the modifications of the clinical parameters in the different ages of childhood.
- 06Assess the risk / benefit ratio of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Interpret normal tests.
- 07Assess the risk factors and prevention of the disease. Know the vaccination calendar.
- 08Assess the nutritional status and develop a proper diet in different ages of childhood.
- 09Know, critically evaluate and use technologies and sources of clinical and biomedical information, to obtain, organize, interpret and communicate clinical, scientific and health information.
- 010Write, reports, instructions and other records, understandably to patients, family members and other professionals.
- 011Carry out a public, oral and written exhibition of scientific works and / or professional reports.
Association between objectives and units
|Week||Teaching units||Directed hours||Shared hours||Autonomous hours||Total hours|
Methodology and grading
- Case studies: Learning through the analysis of actual or simulated cases in order to interpret and resolve them by employing various alternative solution procedures.
- Lecture: Pass on knowledge and activate cognitive processes in students, encouraging their participation.
- Solving exercises and problems: Exercise, test, and apply previous knowledge through routine repetition.