Fundamental parameters of an analog communication system. Analog modulation. Disturbances and noise in analog communication systems.
The Analog Communication Systems constitute simplest mean of transmitting a signal through a communication channel. Nowadays, the most usual modulated analog signals are restricted to commercial radio broadcasting, private push-to-talk transmission systems, and certain radionavigation systems. In turn, baseband analog transmission is currently employed in voice transmission over telephone channels, in audio systems and, in general, in systems and subsystems devoted to analog signal processing. In addition to the intrinsic interest of the analog Communication Systems, aspects such as the characterization in power and bandwidth of signal and channels, the basic modulation procedures, the limiting factors in transmission (attenuation, interference, distortion and noise) and the strategies to overcome them, and also sampling techniques, constitute basic tools in digital communication and in signal processing systems.