The Nutritional Epidemiology Unit (EPINUT) is led by Professor Jesús Vioque, a Harvard-trained expert in nutritional epidemiology. The group belongs in Group 6 of the CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health Research Center (CIBERESP). The group's central interest is to improve knowledge about the relationships between diet and various processes or diseases (obesity, cancer, macular degeneration of the retina, maternal and child health), as well as the effect of certain contaminants upon human health. To accomplish this, the group has developed a platform and specific software that facilitates evaluating the diet in various populations (http://bibliodieta.umh.es/en/).
The four main lines with their relevant objectives and projects include the following:
1) Nutritional determinants of health with the objective of analyzing the effect of diet and other factors on the risk of disease. International (e.g., EUREYE, A multi-centre study of risk factors for macular degeneration, 5th Framework Programme) and national projects (PANESOES Study, financed by the FIS of the Institute of Health Carlos III to analyze the effect of diet on esophageal, stomach, and pancreatic cancers).
2) Identification of environmental and genetic factors associated with obesity in order to analyze the prevalence of obesity and its evolution at various ages and to investigate the determinant factors of obesity and weight gain (FIS Project 00/0985; FIS 07/0314).
3) Effect of environmental pollutants and diet on maternal and child health. Its objective is to evaluate the effect of environmental pollutants and diet on pregnant women and their children; INMA Project, a multicentric prospective study of mother-children cohorts (http://www.proyectoinma.org/en_index.html).
4) Gender analysis in health problems related with risk behaviors in eating and other health problems such as HIV/AIDS. The objective is to analyze relationships between healthy behavior related with eating problems and behavior such as HIV/AIDS.