Ergonomics. Environmental conditions. Physical and mental load. Design and redesign of job positions.
This module is integrated within the part of Risk Prevention and aims to provide a comprehensive view critical of ergonomics in workplaces within the Law on Prevention of Occupational Risks.
The main goal of the Service Area Ergonomics Occupational Risk Prevention is to adapt the workplace and their physical / mental / social to the features and capabilities of the worker. Therefore, the Ergonomics is not just about avoiding negative health effects but to improve working conditions and influence the balance of the person, considered in general, with the surrounding environment. It is considered, therefore, as a discipline of welfare and comfort.
This aim includes several principles of preventive action that Law 31/1995, of 8 November, the prevention of occupational hazards, says in Article 15 paragraphs:
a) "Adapting the work to the individual, especially as regards the design of workplaces, as well as the choice of equipment and methods of work and production, with a view in particular to mitigate monotonous and repetitive work and reduce its effects on health."
b) "Take into account the evolution of technology."
c) "Prevention Plan, seeking to integrate a coherent covers technology, organization of work, working conditions, social relationships and the influence of environmental factors at work."
Working method of the module:
To work each of these topics will be hanging a series of technical notes of the National Institute of Safety and Health at Work. These notes are an introduction, so that should be read before the face session (during the previous week).
In the sessions we will work with theoretical content and practical exercises.