This course provides tools in the search for and critical evaluation of evidence for making both therapeutic and preventive clinical decisions. It focuses on intervention studies that provide higher quality evidence for making decisions (randomized clinical trials and systems reviews of randomized trials). Its successive teaching units examine the conceptual framework of making decisions based on evidence, the assessment of the quality of the evidence, and its application to the individual patient. Upon course conclusion, each student must be capable of finding and critically assessing the appropriate literature for making decisions on matters of prevention or treatment in the health sciences.
|RAMOS RINCON, JOSE MANUEL||■||■||■|
|NAVARRO RUIZ, ANDRES||■||■|
|RODRIGUEZ INGELMO, JOSE MARIA||■||■|
|ARROYO SEBASTIAN, ANTONIO||■||■|
|ARMAÑANZAS RUIZ, LAURA IRENE||■||■|
|ROMERO SIMO, MANUEL||■||■|
|ARTOLA ROIG, ALBERTO||■||■|
|LOPEZ PRATS, FERNANDO ANACLETO||■||■|
|DIEZ MIRALLES, MANUEL||■||■|
|COMPAÑ ROSIQUE, ANTONIO F.||■||■|
|MARTINEZ ESCORIZA, JUAN CARLOS||■||■|
|QUEREDA SEGUI, FRANCISCO JOSÉ||■||■|
|LACUEVA GOMEZ, FRANCISCO JAVIER||■||■|
|FERNÁNDEZ SÁNCHEZ, FRANCISCO JAVIER||■||■|
|MUÑOZ RODES, JOSE LUIS||■||■|
|GALLEGO PLAZAS, JAVIER||■||■|
|GOMEZ PEREZ, LUIS||■||■|
Competencies and learning outcomes
- Complex problem solving.
- Decision making in multidisciplinary fields.
- Advanced computer skills relative to the field of study.
- Know how to apply acquired knowledge and have the ability to resolve problems in new environments within broader contexts related with research in health sciences.
- Be capable of integrating knowledge and handling complexity when forming judgments from information that, being limited, includes reflections about social and ethical responsibilities linked to the application of your knowledge and judgments.
- Know how to communicate conclusions and the reasons that sustain them, to specialized and non-specialized audiences in a clear manner.
- Possess learning skills that permit continuing studying autonomously.
- Understand the basics of the scientific method in clinical research.
- Understand the importance and limitations of scientific thought in the study, prevention, and management of diseases.
- Ability to draw up a research project, collect and critically evaluate the information to solve problems following the scientific method.
- Know how to communicate results from scientific research clearly.
- Understand, critically assess, and know how to use biomedical sources of information to obtain, interpret, and apply scientific and health information.
- Understand the basics of experimental research, and the behavior of research personnel in a research laboratory.
- Understand the importance of experimental research and how its results are transferred to clinical practice.
- Know good laboratory practices, the main analytical techniques used in an experimental laboratory, and basic techniques in molecular biology.
- Handle with ease and skill the tools to search for information in the most important health sciences available today, from commercial databases to different types of search tools available on the internet.
- Obtain the knowledge and skills necessary to carry out the preparation and presentation of R&D research project financing requests, as well as the dissemination of results thereof.
Objectives (Learning outcomes)
- Ask questions about aspects of clinical practice in need of scientific evidence properly
- Assess the validity of the studies of intervention (clinical trials and systematic reviews)
- Interpret the results of these studies
- Identify the results of the studies for clinical decision-making
- Using the approach GRADE for rating quality of evidence and strength of recommendation
- Locate some resources essential for critical reading
- Cabello López JB (ed). "Lectura crítica de la evidencia científica.". Barcelona: Elsevier.
- Guyatt G. Rennie D. "Users's Guides to the Medical Literature". McGraw-Hill Education.
- Straus SE. Glasziou P. "Evidence-Based Medicine: How to Practice and Teach It, 4e". Churchill Livingstone - Elsevier.
- Donnelly, Peter, 1958-. Kirk, Paul, 1953- / Benson, Joel, 1969-. "How to succeed at e-learning [electronic resource] /". Chichester, West Sussex, U.K. : John Wiley & Sons,
- Greenhalgh, Trisha. "Diffusion of innovations in health service organisations
[electronic resource] : a systematic literature review /". Malden, Mass. : Blackwell, 2005.
- Khandker, Shahidur R. Koolwal, Gayatri B. / Samad, Hussain A., 1963-. "Handbook on impact evaluation [electronic resource] :
quantitative methods and practices /". Washington, DC : World Bank, 2010.
- Glasziou, Paul, 1954-. Del Mar, Chris. / Salisbury, Janet. "Evidence based medicine workbook [electronic resource] :
finding and applying the best research evidence to improve
patient care /". London : BMJ, 2003.
Methodology and grading
- Lecture: Pass on knowledge and activate cognitive processes in students, encouraging their participation.
- Problem-based learning: Develop active learning strategies through problem solving that promote thinking, experimentation, and decision making in the student.
- Project-based learning: Realization of a project to solve a problem, applying acquired learning and promoting abilities related to planning, design, performing activities, and reaching conclusions.
- Solving exercises and problems: Exercise, test, and apply previous knowledge through routine repetition.
- 1. Resolution of 5 short exercises on topics covered in UNIT 1 60%, which should be for finished 24 hours from 12:00 am. (60% of the mark). The exercises will appear on the blog of the subject (assessment/exam tab online).
2- Criticism Reading of two scientific articles (UNIT 2) one randomized clinical trial, another systematic review and filling in the template described in the work of the student of unit 2. This activity have to be coordinated by your academic tutor and must be which will evaluate your work (40%). The template must be sent to the academic tutor.
Minimum criteria to pass the course: make the critical reading of the two scientific papers (UNIT 2) and 50 per cent of the maximum score of 5 short exercises based on the material of the UNIT 1.