Anatomy of the genomes. Cartography and sequencing of the genomes. Comparative genomics. Mutagenesis and genome-wide genetic interference. Transcriptomics.
Genomics is the discipline responsible for the comprehensive study of content, function, origin and evolution of genomes. The breakthrough they have experienced in recent years DNA sequencing technologies and bioinformatics tools responsible for analysis, have allowed access to the knowledge of the sequence of the genomes of many prokaryotic and eukaryotic species. A graduate in biotechnology must know and appreciate the outstanding contribution that genomics is making the progress in different fields of science such as biology, medicine or agriculture and the enormous potential of biotechnology which is derived from knowledge of the information that host genomes.