Terrestrial plants develop structures that absorb nutrients and water and prevent water loss. Bryophytes and Pteridophytes are included here. In bryophytes the gametophyte is more developed than the sporophyte and not fully adapted to terrestrial life because they can not prevent water loss through evaporation. In Pteridophytes the sporophyte is more developed than the gametophyte and has an epidermis covered by a cuticle . Some applications are the production of peat and charcoal and the use in fitorremediation.